Solar power is the conversion of sunlight energy from into electricity, either through using photovoltaic (PV) or using mirrors concentrating solar radiation or a combination of both. This energy can be used to generate electricity or be stored in batteries or thermal storage. Solar energy is the cleanest and one of the most abundant renewable energy source available in Nigeria which when fully harnessed, can be used for a variety of uses, including generating electricity, providing light or a comfortable interior environment, and heating water for domestic, commercial, or industrial use. This green energy is making a substantial contribution to reducing greenhouse gases and global warming.
BASSCOMM Nigeria is a renowned expert in the installation of solar power systems in Nigeria and across West Africa.
The main components of a solar power system are
- Solar (Photovoltaic) panels
- Inverter (a DC to AC power converter)
- Mounting kits that holds the PV panels in place
- Solar Charge Controller
Solar panels absorb the photons and in doing so initiate an electric current. The resulting energy generated from photons striking the surface of the solar panel allows electrons to be knocked out of their atomic orbits and released into the electric field generated by the solar cells which then pull these free electrons into a directional current. This entire process is known as the Photovoltaic Effect. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) panels are generally fitted on the roof. For good power generation panels should face in an easterly, northerly or westerly direction. Ideally panels should be tilted to a minimum of 10 degrees to ensure they are naturally cleaned by the rain. Solar PV panels on the roofs of homes and businesses generate clean electricity when light energy hits them. This conversion takes place within the cells of solar panels which are specially fabricated, usually of silicon. Solar panels are different to solar hot water systems, which are also mounted on household roof-tops but use the heat from the sun to provide hot water for household uses, in a similar principle like a hose in summer contains hot water after a few hours in the sun. There are three major types of solar panels: mono-crystalline, poly-crystalline, and thin-film. Mono-crystalline panels have high efficiency (performance) but high costs while Poly-crystalline panels have low efficiency (performance) and low costs. Each type has its own unique advantages and disadvantages, and the solar panel type best suited for your installation will depend on factors specific to your own property and desired system characteristics.
Are you looking for solar power installers in Nigeria, contact us at BASSCOMM Nigeria Limited.